We take great measures to keep our global marketplace safe, and we’re committed to doing our best to prevent or address suspicious activity.

However, with so many users in the Upwork marketplace, suspicious activity may appear on the platform from time to time. We count on your help and diligence to make the Upwork experience as safe as possible.

Maintaining our platform’s integrity and safety is our top priority, and we’re committed to doing our best to prevent or address suspicious activity.

However, suspicious activity may appear on the platform from time to time. We count on your help and diligence to make the Upwork experience as safe as possible.

Pro Tips

  • Avoid Off-Platform Transactions: Never accept or make payments outside Upwork to prevent scams and fraud, and to retain Upwork Payment Protection
  • Keep conversations on Upwork: Sharing contact information prior to a contract start is against our Terms of Service, and leaves you vulnerable to scams. Use Messages to communicate with your clients on Upwork
  • Protect Your Account: Never share your Upwork account credentials to prevent identity theft and fraud. Learn more about identity theft prevention here
  • Report Suspicious Activity: Real clients will never request money upfront, cash checks, request free work, or ask for personal information. Report any suspicious behavior immediately

Getting Started with Online Safety

As with any online business, it’s always important to be diligent in protecting your information, your computer, and your access.

Keeping communication with other users on Upwork will allow us to assist in protecting your security.

Online Safety Best Practices

These tips can help you identify and avoid potential phishing, malware, or scam attacks. Keep them in mind whenever you see suspicious activity.

Avoiding contact info sharing and off-platform payments (also know as "circumvention")

Taking work or payments outside Upwork risks scams and violates our Terms of Service. Users lose access to Upwork's Trust and Safety programs, including Hourly Payment Protection.


If someone pretends to be an authority or a trusted service in order to steal from you, it’s called phishing. False emails with company logos, fake login pages, and fraudulent personal messages and calls are all phishing attempts. Double check who is communicating with you. When in doubt, never share your personal information.

Paid/Leased Account Fraud

"Bad actors" attempt to use the Upwork platform to commit fraud. If anyone asks you for your Upwork username and password, or offers to pay you to use access to your account, this person is a bad actor. Consider your Upwork username and password as private as your bank account information. When in doubt, never share your private or personal account information and flag these requests for the team.

Free work

All original work on the Upwork platform should be paid work. If you are pressured to create work without payment or secured funding, it is against our Terms of Service and you should flag it for our team.

Payment for materials or to "submit an application"

The following types of payment are inappropriate on the Upwork platform.

  • Payment from a freelancer for a client to consider a proposal/application
  • Payment from a freelancer to work for a client
  • Upfront payment for a project’s costs or needs
  • Upfront payment from a client for a freelancer’s needs
  • Direct payment for a project’s needs
Check-cashing fraud

If someone asks you to process payment on their behalf to send somewhere else, it may be fraudulent. Your bank can hold you liable for the funds, even if you have already sent the money to the fraudster.

  • PayPal payments
  • Purchasing gift cards
  • Favors to cash or deposit checks
  • Favors to cash or deposit money orders
  • Requests to buy, sell, or transfer currencies of any kind (regular or crypto currency)
  • Payments to buy supplies or send something of value up front before starting work
Shipping scams

If a user has asked to have goods shipped to you for you to repackage and mail elsewhere, it could be a shipping scam. These items can be stolen or purchased with a stolen card, and you could be acting as the middleman.


If you’re asked to click on external links or sign up for websites you don’t know, it could be clickbait. Some websites make money off of the click-through traffic from these links. Research the website before clicking anything, and look for reviews or red flags that show signs of clickbait or dangerous malware/ransomware.

Personal info

Other users do not need access to your personal information, payment account information, driver's license, passport, social security number or other tax ID, tax forms, etc. Do not share this information.

Other flags

Jobs that advertise benefits, medical insurance, and training programs are often signs of a scam. Some scammers even use a real company’s name to make their job appear more credible. Be extra cautious with these posts.

Email Scams and Malicious Links

Pay close attention to email and messages, especially if you don’t know the sender. Check the details below and learn more about legitimate Upwork emails here.

Fake email addresses

Take a moment to look at the email address. Do the alias, sender, and domain look legitimate?

Email content

Does the content of the email make sense? Watch out for messages urging you to act fast -- think first.

Personal information

Never respond to an email requesting your personal information. If the sender requests your contact information, financial information, Upwork username and password, date of birth, social security number, or other tax ID, STOP and ask yourself:

  • Do you know this sender?
  • Do they have a legitimate reason to be asking for this information?
  • Even if you answer "yes," don't reply to the email or call the number provided. Contact the company that appears to need your information directly. For example, call your bank or the number on the back of your credit card if the email appears to be from that company.
Unknown links and attachments

Beware of emails containing unknown links and attachments. Be careful before clicking or opening them. Don’t click suspicious links.

Malicious links

Malicious links are the most common scam tool. They're also one of the easiest to spot if you’re careful. The link may appear legitimate, but check these details.

  • The true URL could be hidden. A link's text may look like a URL, while the link itself leads somewhere else. Hover over the link to see where it goes.
  • A link shortening service might be used to hide the link’s details.
  • The URL may contain misleading typos, such as upvvork.com instead of upwork.com. Read it carefully.

Ask yourself whether you're expecting an attachment from the sender.

  • The only attachment file format that isn't a potential threat is .txt. Treat all other attachments as potentially malicious.
  • Attachments, especially Microsoft Office files like .xls, could contain hidden malware, even if they pass your virus protection scan.
  • When being provided with a file you need to access, either in Messages or directly, we strongly recommend running it through Virus Total or a similar file scanning software before downloading. We also strongly advise against enabling macros. Macros are part of a document. When opening a document (doc, zip, xls, etc.) if a macro is present, you will be asked in a pop-up message whether you’d like to enable it. Macros can contain hidden malware, and if enabled it would allow a scammer access to your computer and compromise your personal information.



In very specific cases, Upwork may reach out to you for information via email. Always be sure to check that the message comes from an @upwork.com email. Review communications that appear to be from Upwork to be sure they are real, and reach out to our customer support team if you have any questions.


When in doubt, confirm the message content with the sender before taking any action at all. Reach out via a method other than email, if possible. If not, compose a new message. Do not reply to the suspicious message – that could go to the phisher.

For more information about reporting suspicious activity on Upwork, click here.

Security Best Practices at Upwork

For an overview of online safety and security best practices, please visit our Security Center. Or check out our complete online security series by clicking the links below:

  1. General Electronic Security
  2. You are here — Staying Safe on Upwork
  3. Detect Malware
  4. Get Rid of Malware
  5. Secure a Compromised Account

We take the responsibility of supporting your talent (and your business) seriously.

To learn more about our safety practices, check out Upwork Academy for interactive information on how we work to protect you.

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